General Information about our Skin
What is your skin?
The skin is our largest organ and protects the body against external environmental influences. It represents about 15-16% of our body weight and regulates body temperature. You see the individual’s lifestyle and their natural aging processes. It reflects our health and shows stress, fatigue or tiredness.
The skin consists of three different layers: epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous tissue. The epidermis, protects our skin from external influences (cold, wind, pollution, bacteria, etc.) and regulates the water balance, while the dermis through a flexible collagen network ensures skin elasticity. The subcutaneous layer is mainly composed of fat and thus serves as a protection against the cold and also stores energy.
Why does my skin need moisture?
The most important function of the skin is protection, provided by the outer layer of skin (epidermis). As it comes into contact to the environment, this skin layer must always be flexible. Adequate skin moisture is essential because it acts as an emollient for the skin. External factors, such as dry air, high temperatures and individual lifestyle can influence the skin’s natural moisture. Therefore, moisturizing lotions compensate for these deficits and guarantees the protective function of the skin.
What are Free Radicals and what effect do they have on the skin?
Free radicals are aggressive elements that can attack the body’s cells. They are formed mainly by external factors such as air pollutants and UV rays, but also by an individual’s lifestyle, such as stress, alcohol or smoking. While they usually attack proteins and fats, they can also affect the genetic material in the nucleus of a cell. This leads to premature aging through cell death or a negative change in the cell, which in turn can result in disease.
How does the sun affect skin?
For our body and overall well-being the sun is essential to life because it promotes the creation of vitamin D which has an anti-depressive property. Nevertheless, the skin is directly exposed to the sun’s harmful rays without protection. Depending upon skin type, the skin has varying protective features of its own. These prevent negative cell change caused by sunlight. So tanning is a defensive adaptation of the skin to UVB radiation, which prevents sunburn. However if the skin’s own protective mechanism is exceeded, the UV rays can cause skin damage or premature aging.
Why does my skin age?
Skin aging is a natural process that begins before age 20, however, is slowly noticeable between 25 and 30 years of age. Little by little the collagen and elastic fibers of the skin decrease gradually. The result is the skin cannot store as much moisture and loses elasticity. In addition, the number of blood vessels decrease, the skin then becomes drier and thinner. Fine lines and wrinkles start to show. The aging process is genetically unavoidable, but it can be influenced by a person’s lifestyle.